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Stage 3 History

The Australian Colonies


HT3-1, HT3-2, HT3-5

Key inquiry questions

  • What do we know about the lives of people in Australia’s colonial past and how do we know?
  • What were the significant events and who were the significant people that shaped Australian colonies?


The nature of convict or colonial presence, including the factors that influenced patterns of development, aspects of the daily life of inhabitants (including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples peoples) and how the environment changed (ACHHK094).

  • investigate the everyday life of a variety of men and women in post-1800 colonial settlements using a range of sources and explain their different experiences.

Learning experiences will also support:

The role that a significant individual or group played in shaping a colony; for example, explorers, farmers, entrepreneurs, artists, writers, humanitarians, religious and political leaders, and Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander peoples (ACHHK097).

  • use a range of sources to investigate the role of a particular man, woman or group and the contributions each made to the shaping of the colony.

Australia as a Nation


HT3-3, HT3-5

Key inquiry question

  • How did Australian society change through the twentieth century?


Key figures and events that led to Australia's Federation, including British and American influences on Australia's system of law and government (ACHHK113).

  • outline local, state and federal government structures and responsibilities.

Learning experiences will also support:

The contribution of individuals and groups, including Aboriginal people and /or Torres Strait Islanders and migrants, to the development of Australian society, for example in areas such as the economy, education, sciences, the arts, sport (ACHHK116).

  • using a range of sources, research and describe the contribution of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and other groups to Australian society.

Learning Across the Curriculum - Civics and Citizenship


  • explore how their own society has organised itself
  • examine how the ideals and practices of their own democratic society have evolved over time
  • examine political and social life in the past and the present.

Learning Resources

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